Nasdaq-100 Volatility Index Futures


1. What changes have taken place?

Nasdaq-100 Volatility Index futures (VLQ) contract multiplier have been reduced from from $1000 to $100. As a result, the contract value for a futures price of 21.00, for instance, would involve a change in contract value from $21,000 to $2,100. No other contract specifications has changed, including the tick size, which remains an .05 increment. The dollar value of this minimum tick size, however, has changed from $50 to $5 as a result of the multiplier change. 

2. Why did CME Group implement the multiplier change?

The purpose of the change was to create a contract size that is more accessible to a wider variety of market participants and to allow for hedging and view expression related to the Nasdaq-100 Index at-the-money volatility in much more precise dollar increments.

3. How were existing positions affected?

CME has converted any outstanding open interest prior to the start of trading on the following business date.


1. What is the Nasdaq-100 Volatility Index?

The Nasdaq-100 Volatility Index (VOLQ) measures expected volatility of the Nasdaq-100 Index over the upcoming 30 calendar days.  The VOLQ Index is quoted in percentage points per annum. For example, an index level of 16.00 represents an annualized volatility of 16 percent. 

2. How is the VOLQ Index calculated?

The VOLQ Index derives its value from 32 different Nasdaq-100 Index options, with the aim of obtaining multiple synthetic, precisely at-the-money (ATM) option prices, utilizing NBBO (National Best Bid/Offer) data from three separate exchanges.  

The synthetic ATM options prices are derived from first and second level out-of-the-money puts and calls, as well as the first and second level in-the-money puts and calls, totaling eight options per expiration. This process is repeated for 4 expirations that straddle the 30-day mark, for volatility interpolation purposes.

The resultant calculation is a mathematically robust, closed form measure of at-the-money volatility. 

3. How is the VOLQ approach to volatility measurement unique?

VOLQ approaches measurement of volatility through a unique proprietary methodology.  Other volatility indices, for instance, have utilized a variance swap-based method, requiring the input of many option strikes.

The number of options included in such variance swap-based measures can vary materially contingent on the available bid prices of several dozen options at the time of measurement. Additionally, the variance swap measure will capture both at-the-money volatility as well as convexity reflected in the ‘wings’ of the variance swap (i.e., deep out of the money options with low delta).

Alternatively, VOLQ will be based on 32 options, proximate to the at-the-money level, and thus produces an annualized measure focused on at-the-money volatility. 


4. What are the contract specifications?

Index futures contract Outright Calendar spread Multiplier Example price Example contract value
VOLQ Index futures 0.05 Index points= $5 0.01 index points= $1 $100 $21.00 $2,100

View full VOLQ futures contract specifications

5. What are the codes for this product?

Index futures contracts Underlying index (Bloomberg) CME Globex Bloomberg front month Thomson Reuters front month
VOLQ Index futures VOLQ VLQ VQOA Index 1VQL

6. How many contracts are listed at a given time?

Serial listing of three consecutive monthly contracts.

7. What are the trading hours on CME Globex and ClearPort?

CME Globex: Sunday - Friday 6:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (ET) with a daily maintenance period from 5:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. ET

Pre-Open Sunday: 5:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. ET,

Pre-Open Monday-Thursday: 5:45 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. ET

CME ClearPort: Sunday 6:00 p.m. – Friday 6:45 p.m. ET with no reporting

Monday – Thursday 6:45 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. ET

8. How is the daily settlement price of VOLQ futures determined?

Settlement for VOLQ futures will be determined using a VWAP (3:59:30-3:59:59 ET) to calculate the lead month; spread information is utilized to derive back month settlements. 

9. Will CME list VOLQ-related TAS (trade at settle) contracts?

TAS contracts are not available at this time.

10. When is final settlement?

Trading terminates at 9:30 a.m. ET, 30 days prior to the 3rd Friday of the following month, typically a Wednesday. In the case of index closure on such 3rd Friday, and resultant option expiration on the 3rd Thursday (example: Good Friday), trading would still terminate 30 days before the subsequent monthly options expiration; in this example, VOLQ trading would terminate on a Tuesday.

11. How are final settlement prices of the VOLQ futures determined?

VOLQ is a financially settled product. The final settlement price will be determined by a Closing Volume Weighted Average Price calculation. The Closing VWAP is calculated over a period of five minutes at the end of individual one-second time observations commencing at 9:32:00 A.M. and continuing each second for the next 300 seconds. The number of contracts traded on Nasdaq PHLX LLC (“Phlx”) at each price during the observation period is multiplied by that price to yield a Reference Number. All Reference Numbers, for each second, are then summed and that sum is divided by the total number of contracts traded during the observation period to calculate a Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) for that observation period for that component.

Each one-second VWAP for each component option is then used to calculate the VOLS, resulting in the calculation of 300 sequential VOLS values. Finally, all 300 values will be arithmetically averaged (i.e., the sum of 300 Volatility Index calculations is divided by 300) and the resulting figure is rounded to the nearest 0.01 to arrive at the settlement value disseminated under the ticker symbol VOLS.

12. Are VOLQ futures eligible for block trading?

Yes, they are subject to a 50 minimum block threshold. 


13. What are the fees for VOLQ?

VOLQ futures are listed on the CME DCM and follow the Micro E-mini futures fees according to the CME Fee Schedule.

CME Fee Schedule


14. Are there on-screen market makers for the VOLQ products?

CME Group has implemented a market maker program to assure continuous two-sided markets are quoted on-screen throughout the trading day.

15. How can I see prices for VOLQ Index futures?

Delayed quotes will be available online on the CME Group website. You can also access quotes through major quote vendors.

16. How can I get access to CME Globex?

To access CME Globex, you must have a relationship with a CME Clearing member firm.

Learn more about connecting to CME Globex

17. Where can I find more information on VOLQ futures?

Visit for the latest information. You can fill out the form on this page to stay informed of VolQ product updates.

About CME Group

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