Understanding Block Trades: FOB Santos Soybeans Financially Settled (Platts) Futures Contracts

What are block trades?

Block trades are privately negotiated futures, options, or combination transactions that are permitted to be executed away from the central limit order book (CLOB) on CME Globex or in the trading pit and are subsequently submitted to CME Clearing via CME ClearPort or CME Direct. South American Soybean futures are available for execution either via the CLOB or via block trades but are not available in the trading pit. Block trades must be submitted to CME Clearing for price reporting purposes within a prescribed time after execution.

Rule 526 (“Block Trades”) governs block trading in CME, CBOT, NYMEX, and COMEX products. Block trades are permitted in specified products, which include Brazilian Soybean futures, and are subject to minimum transaction size requirements. Block trades must be transacted at prices that are “fair and reasonable” in light of the size of the transactions and prevailing markets.

Block trades offer commercial firms and institutional traders the convenience of privately negotiating a futures transaction with a select eligible counterparty.

Once executed and cleared, the resulting futures contract is indistinguishable from any other futures transaction recorded in that product. Thus, these transactions may subsequently be liquidated by an offsetting transaction executed as a block or through the CME Globex electronic trading system or can be cash settled upon expiration.

Only “Eligible Contract Participants” or ECPs are permitted to transact blocks. ECPs may generally be thought of as exchange members and member firms registered as floor brokers and floor traders, commercial firms, pension funds, commodity pools, corporations, investment companies, insurance companies, depository institutions, and high-net worth individuals. The qualifications are formally defined in Section 1a (18) of the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA).

Block Trades for South American Soybeans

South American Soybean futures have a minimum block threshold of five contracts throughout the trading day, and block trades must be submitted to the Exchange within fifteen (15) minutes of execution.

How to Transact?

A block trade may be transacted at any time and at any fair and reasonable price agreed upon by the two counterparties. The two customers transacting a block must have the resulting futures positions subsequently submitted to CME ClearPort.

Typically, a customer establishes a relationship with a broker who brokers the market, i.e., shows a bid and an offer, in South American Soybean blocks. There are a number of firms who may broker markets in blocks. Although the Exchange assumes a neutral posture and does not offer specific broker recommendations, customers can view the South American Soybeans Broker Directory for assistance in finding a broker. After the trade is executed, the futures position must be reported to CME Clearing via CME ClearPort or CME Direct. Access to CME ClearPort requires registration. Additional information on access to CME ClearPort is available here: CME ClearPort.

How to get set-up on ClearPort for blocks

Getting set-up on ClearPort for the South American Soybean futures contract

South American Soybean futures contracts are eligible for trading as block futures via brokers. A firm will need to be registered for CME ClearPort to participate as a counterparty on a block trade.

The first stage is to register on ClearPort. To register a new firm and user please see the following link for step-by-step instructions and forms:  https://www.cmegroup.com/clearport/registration.html

Once ClearPort is registered, contact your clearing firm to request a ClearPort clearing account:

  • Make sure your account is block enabled for the South American Soybean contract: SAS.
  • Permission any broker(s) that you approve to enter your block trades (SAS block brokers).
  • Ask your clearing firm to set-up a credit-limit for your account.

Contact Us

For more information, please contact:

Business Line Management (United States)
Susan Sutherland, Executive Director
+1 312 930 2325
Susan.Sutherland@cmegroup.com

Research and Product Development
Fred Seamon, Executive Director
+1 312 634 1587
Fred.Seamon@cmegroup.com

Research and Product Development
Alison Coughlin, Director, at
+1 312 338 7171
Alison.Coughlin@cmegroup.com

About CME Group

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