US: Crop Progress


October 12, 2021 03:00 CDT

Crop Conditions Summary
Corn: Crop Condition
GoodExcellent 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 60 59 +1 61 64 83(1987) 49(1993) 176.3 93.304
Iowa 62 60 +2 44 64 92(1992) 15(1993) 198 12.900
Illinois 70 70 0 69 66 94(1992) 21(2005) 214 11.000
Nebraska 70 68 +2 63 71 92(1987) 51(2003) 188 9.900
Minnesota 40 39 +1 81 71 89(2015) 3(1993) 174 8.300
Cotton: Crop Condition
GoodExcellent 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 64 62 +2 40 43 80(1987) 30(2011) 800. 10.356
Texas 62 57 +5 26 32 77(1987) 13(2011) 621. 5.521
Georgia 58 58 0 54 50 89(1994) 19(1990) 928. 1.190
Mississippi 62 67 -5 57 65 97(1987) 2(1993) 1142. 0.475
Oklahoma 66 70 -4 46 35 89(2017) 1(2011) 743. 0.420
Soybeans: Crop Condition
GoodExcellent 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 59 58 +1 63 64 78(1992) 38(2003) 50.6 87.235
Illinois 71 72 -1 67 67 95(1992) 42(1996) 64.0 10.600
Iowa 63 64 -1 49 64 91(1987) 16(2003) 59.0 10.100
Minnesota 36 36 0 79 70 84(2010) 6(1993) 47.0 7.700
North Dakota 17 16 +1 47 58 85(2010) 39(2004) 25.0 7.300
Crop Progress Summary
Corn: Percent Harvested
Harvested 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 41 29 +12 39 35 73(2012) 13(2009) 176.3 93.304
Iowa 30 19 +11 40 26 81(2012) 5(2019) 198 12.900
Illinois 55 41 +14 42 50 87(2010) 6(2009) 214 11.000
Nebraska 29 21 +8 32 27 73(2012) 9(2009) 188 9.900
Minnesota 36 20 +16 31 22 83(2012) 2(2009) 174 8.300
Cotton: Percent Harvested
Harvested 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 20 13 +7 25 24 45(2000) 12(2009) 800. 10.356
Texas 29 23 +6 34 24 48(1998) 13(2013) 621. 5.521
Georgia 8 4 +4 12 18 57(1990) 5(2009) 928. 1.190
Mississippi 21 14 +7 27 43 86(2010) 2(2009) 1142. 0.475
Oklahoma 7 0 +7 8 5 49(1998) 1(2015) 743. 0.420
Soybeans: Percent Harvested
Harvested 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 49 34 +15 58 45 67(2010) 21(2019) 50.6 87.235
Illinois 43 32 +11 52 47 90(1987) 9(2009) 64.0 10.600
Iowa 56 40 +16 75 47 86(2012) 12(2019) 59.0 10.100
Minnesota 83 62 +21 83 60 97(2012) 6(1985) 47.0 7.700
North Dakota 73 48 +25 80 60 95(2012) 13(2019) 25.0 7.300
Winter Wheat: Percent Planted
Planted 10/10 10/03 Change Last Yr. 10 Yr. High(Year) Low(Year) Yield Last Area
Select States 60 47 +13 66 61 77(1987) 51(2017) 50.9 33.683
Kansas 63 42 +21 71 61 93(1987) 31(2017) 45.0 7.300
Texas 54 47 +7 53 54 80(1996) 43(2011) 30.0 5.600
Oklahoma 50 37 +13 66 62 85(2001) 35(2000) 40.0 4.300
Colorado 88 77 +11 93 86 97(2004) 74(2017) 27.0 2.150

Highlights
Crop Conditions
Corn
Corn rated good / excellent (G/EX) as of October 10 was up 1% at 60% and poor / very poor was unchanged at 15%. Current G/EX is down 4% versus the 10 year average and Poor / Very Poor is up 3% versus the 10 year average. Of the 18 reported states 6 reported better, 3 worse, and 9 unchanged G/EX ratings. The good / excellent ratings for the top producing states were: Iowa 62%(+2%), Illinois 70%(0%), Nebraska 70%(+2%), Minnesota 40%(+1%), South Dakota 27%(+3%).

Soybeans
Soybeans rated good / excellent (G/EX) as of October 10 was up 1% at 59% and poor / very poor was unchanged at 14%. Current G/EX is down 5% versus the 10 year average and Poor / Very Poor is up 3% versus the 10 year average. Of the 18 reported states 3 reported better, 8 worse, and 7 unchanged G/EX ratings. The good / excellent ratings for the top producing states were: Illinois 71%(-1%), Iowa 63%(-1%), Minnesota 36%(0%), North Dakota 17%(+1%), Indiana 68%(0%).

Cotton
Cotton rated good / excellent (G/EX) as of October 10 was up 2% at 64% and poor / very poor was unchanged at 6%. Current G/EX is up 21% versus the 10 year average and Poor / Very Poor is down 18% versus the 10 year average. Of the 15 reported states 6 reported better, 7 worse, and 2 unchanged G/EX ratings. The good / excellent ratings for the top producing states were: Texas 62%(+5%), Georgia 58%(0%), Mississippi 62%(-5%), Oklahoma 66%(-4%), Alabama 76%(-2%).

Crop Progress
Cotton
Cotton harvested as of October 10 was up 7% at 20%. This is down 5% versus last year and down 4% versus the 10 year average. The top producing states report Texas 29%(+6%), Georgia 8%(+4%), Mississippi 21%(+7%), Oklahoma 7%(+7%), Alabama 10%(+5%).

Winter Wheat
Winter Wheat planted as of October 10 was up 13% at 60%. This is down 6% versus last year and down 1% versus the 10 year average. The top producing states report Kansas 63%(+21%), Texas 54%(+7%), Oklahoma 50%(+13%), Colorado 88%(+11%), Montana 66%(+14%).

Corn
Corn harvested as of October 10 was up 12% at 41%. This is up 2% versus last year and up 6% versus the 10 year average. The top producing states report Iowa 30%(+11%), Illinois 55%(+14%), Nebraska 29%(+8%), Minnesota 36%(+16%), South Dakota 33%(+15%).

Soybeans
Soybeans harvested as of October 10 was up 15% at 49%. This is down 9% versus last year and up 4% versus the 10 year average. The top producing states report Illinois 43%(+11%), Iowa 56%(+16%), Minnesota 83%(+21%), North Dakota 73%(+25%), Indiana 38%(+10%).

Definition
This full text file contains reports, issued weekly during the growing season (April to November), which lists planting, fruiting, and harvesting progress and overall condition of selected crops in major producing states. The data, summarized by crop and by state, are republished along with any revisions in the Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin. During the months of December through March, the report is issued monthly titled State Stories.

Description
These reports offer weekly analysis of the progress and condition of the crops. State-by-state data is provided, which is aggregated into a number that covers the key producing states that make up the majority of the US crop.

Crop Progress is measured by stages and percentage of completion. This includes percent planted, percent harvested, and several stages in between. Some the stages vary from crop to crop. For example, intermediate stages for corn include emergence, silk, dough, dent, and maturity, while the stages for soybeans include emergence, bloom, setting pods, and dropping leaves. The reports compare the current week with the same time the previous year and with the 5-year average.

Inclement weather in the spring can delay planting, which could ultimately lower the production for that year. For corn, producers may be forced to picker faster-growing but lower-yielding seed varieties if planting gets delayed. In some cases they may switch to soybeans, which have a shorter growing season. If it is excessively hot and dry during the corn silking stage, yields could drop, and a delayed start to the season could push silking later in the summer and increase the odds of that happening. A key stage to watch for soybeans in pod-filling, as excessively dry weather during that stage could result in smaller beans and lower yield. If the crops are late, there is an increased chance of frost before the plants have matured, which can also reduce yield.

Crop Conditions are measured by five categories: Excellent, Good, Fair, Poor and Very Poor. As a rule of thumb, analysts tend to focus on the percentage that is in the good and excellent categories (Good/Excellent) and to a lesser extent to Poor/Very Poor. The reports include data on the current week, the previous week, and a year prior.

Analysts look at the weekly conditions data during the growing season to get an idea on how the crop is performing relative previous years. If the crop conditions are poor, analysts may want to reduce their production estimates, and vice-versa if the crop conditions are strong. Analysts may also look at individual states' conditions in light of the weather those areas are experiencing.