Thu Sep 14 01:45:00 CDT 2017

Consensus Actual Previous
Month over Month 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%
Year over Year 0.9% 0.9% 0.9%

The provisional CPI was unrevised in the final report for August. This left a 0.5 percent monthly increase in prices that lifted the annual inflation rate by 0.2 percentage points to 0.9 percent, a 4-month high.

The final HICP also matched its flash estimate and so still shows a 0.6 percent monthly gain and a 1.0 percent yearly rate, up from 0.8 percent last time.

As previously indicated, the CPI was buoyed by a largely seasonal 1.1 percent monthly bounce in manufactured goods which included a particularly sharp 6.3 percent spike in clothing and footwear. Energy (1.2 percent) also had a positive impact but food (0.0 percent) was only flat while services gained a relatively modest 0.3 percent.

Seasonally adjusted prices were up a monthly 0.2 percent having been just stable in both June and July. However, the core index was only flat which left the annual underlying inflation rate also unchanged at 0.5 percent. There is nothing here to suggest that underlying price pressures have yet responded to the pick-up in momentum in the real economy.

The consumer price index (CPI) is a measure of the average price level of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers. Monthly and annual changes in the CPI represent the main rates of inflation. The national CPI is released alongside the HICP, Eurostat's harmonized measure of consumer prices. A flash estimate was released for the first time in January 2016 and is now published towards the end of each reference month.

The consumer price index is the most widely followed indicator of inflation. An investor who understands how inflation influences the markets will benefit over those investors that do not understand the impact. In countries where monetary policy decisions rest on the central bank's inflation target, the rate of inflation directly affects all interest rates charged to business and the consumer. As a member of the European Monetary Union, France's interest rates are set by the European Central Bank.

France like other EMU countries has both a national CPI and a harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP). The HICP is calculated to give a comparable inflation measure for the EMU. Components and weights within the national CPI vary from other countries, reflecting national idiosyncrasies.

Inflation is an increase in the overall prices of goods and services. The relationship between inflation and interest rates is the key to understanding how indicators such as the CPI influence the markets - and your investments. As the rate of inflation changes and as expectations on inflation change, the markets adjust interest rates. The effect ripples across stocks, bonds, commodities, and your portfolio, often in a dramatic fashion.

By tracking inflation, whether high or low, rising or falling, investors can anticipate how different types of investments will perform. Over the long run, the bond market will rally (fall) when increases in the CPI are small (large). The equity market rallies with the bond market because low inflation promises low interest rates and is good for profits.