CN: Consumer Price Index


Sun Oct 15 20:30:00 CDT 2017

Consensus Actual Previous
Y/Y % Change 1.6% 1.6% 1.8%
M/M % Change 0.5% 0.4%

Highlights
China's headline consumer price index increased by 1.6 percent on the year in September, down from 1.8 percent in August and matching the consensus forecast. The index rose 0.5 percent on the month in September after an increase of 0.4 percent in August.

Weaker headline inflation in September was mainly driven by food prices, which declined by 1.4 percent on the year after declining by 0.2 percent in August. The year-on-year increase in non-food prices, meanwhile, increased slightly from 2.3 percent in August to 2.4 percent in September, its highest level since April. Within the non-food category, price gains were stronger for housing and health care but weaker for transportation and communication.

Urban inflation moderated from 1.9 percent in August to 1.7 percent in September, while rural inflation eased from 1.5 percent to 1.4 percent. In year-to-date terms, the CPI is up 1.5 percent on the year to September, unchanged from the year-to-date increase recorded in August.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang announced in March at the annual National People's Congress that officials would retain an inflation target of "around 3.0 percent" for 2017. The outlook for food prices will likely determine whether this target is hit, with non-food price inflation having been steady between 2.0 percent and 2.5 percent since the start of the year.

Definition
Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an index that measures changes over time in the price level of consumer goods and services purchased by residents, which reflects the overall changes in price level.

Description
Consumer prices account for a majority of overall inflation, which is carefully monitored by investors worldwide. Investors worldwide monitor Chinese price changes closely. A pickup in inflation could mean an increase in interest rates is in the offing from the People's Bank of China while an easing could mean looser monetary policy. The monthly CPI is broken down by 8 categories with more detail available on the following day including aggregate information by urban and rural areas and provinces.

The CPI measures the change in the level of prices for a specified basket of goods and services normally purchased by urban and rural residents. Approximately 226 areas throughout the country are covered, including 80 counties and 146 cities. The current CPI is an annually chained Laspeyres price index and has been available since 2001. From 1978 to 2000, the index was compiled using current year weights for most items.