|Q/Q percent change||0.8%||1.2%||0.2%|
|Y/Y percent change||3.5%||2.2%|
The expenditure measure of GDP increased 1.2 percent in the September quarter, with net exports (exports less imports) driving this increase. Household spending increased 0.6 percent and investment in transport equipment & plant, machinery and equipment increased.
The New Zealand economy on the industry side grew 0.9 percent in the September 2015 quarter, following an increase of 0.3 percent in June. The September quarter increase was driven by growth in the service industries and manufacturing. The service industries collectively grew 0.9 percent in the quarter, driven by increases in business services, retail trade & accommodation and transport services.
There was a mixed picture for the goods-producing industries, with an increase in manufacturing partly offset by a decrease in construction. Manufacturing grew 2.8 percent in the September 2015 quarter, due to the largest increase in food, beverage & tobacco manufacturing since March 2012. Production, domestic consumption and exports of food and beverage products all increased. The construction industry was down 2.9 percent, driven by heavy and civil engineering construction, which reflects lower investment in other construction.
GDP data are a comprehensive measure of a New Zealand's overall production and consumption of goods and services. GDP serves as one of the primary measures of overall economic well-being. GDP calculates the total market value of goods and services produced in New Zealand within a given period after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production. Therefore, GDP excludes intermediate goods and services and considers final aggregates only. The New Zealand System of National Accounts (NZSNA) is a comprehensive accounting framework based on an international standard (System of National Accounts, 1993).
Gross domestic product (GDP) can be measured using three approaches, namely the production, income and expenditure approaches. The production measure of GDP is derived from firm level data and estimates the value added by all producing industries in the New Zealand economy. The income measure of GDP is derived from earnings data and estimates how the income earned from these producing industries is then distributed throughout the economy as returns to labor, capital and government. The expenditure measure of GDP is derived from data estimating spending on goods and services by final end users and includes consumption, investment and exports minus the value of imports.
GDP is the all-inclusive measure of economic activity. Investors need to closely track the economy because it usually dictates how investments will perform. Investors in the stock market like to see healthy economic growth because robust business activity translates to higher corporate profits. Bond investors are more highly sensitive to inflation and robust economic activity could potentially pave the road to inflation. By tracking economic data such as GDP, investors will know what the economic backdrop is for these markets and their portfolios. The GDP report contains a treasure-trove of information which not only paints an image of the overall economy, but tells investors about important trends within the big picture. GDP components such as consumer spending, business and residential investment, and price (inflation) indexes illuminate the economy's undercurrents, which can translate to investment opportunities and guidance in managing a portfolio.