|Month over Month||0.1%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Year over Year||0.4%||0.4%||0.4%|
There were no revisions to the flash CPI in the final report for November. A 0.1 percent monthly rise in consumer prices matched the earlier estimate to yield a 0.4 percent annual inflation rate, up from September's final 0.3 percent print and the highest reading since May.
The HICP was similarly unrevised and so still shows a 0.1 percent increase versus the start of the quarter and a 0.3 percent yearly gain, a tick higher than last time.
Within the modest monthly advance in overall consumer prices energy was up just 0.1 percent and food 0.2 percent. Clothing and shoes saw a largely seasonal 0.9 percent decline but leisure and entertainment a 0.5 percent spike. Excluding household energy and motor fuel, prices were 0.1 percent firmer on the month and, at 1.3 percent, down a tick on their annual rate.
There is little new of note in today's revisions. Underlying inflation has crept higher during 2015 but November's dip re-emphasises the lack of any real upside pressure.
The consumer price index (CPI) is a measure of the average price level of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers. Monthly and annual changes in the CPI provide widely used measures of inflation.
The consumer price index is the most widely followed indicator of inflation. An investor who understands how inflation influences the markets will benefit over those investors that do not understand the impact. In countries such as Germany where monetary policy decisions rest on the central bank's inflation target, the rate of inflation directly affects all interest rates charged to business and the consumer. As a member of the European Monetary Union, Germany's interest rates are set by the European Central Bank.
Germany like other EMU countries has both a national CPI and a harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP). The HICP is calculated to give a comparable inflation measure for the EMU. Components and weights within the national CPI vary from other countries, reflecting national idiosyncrasies. The preliminary release is based on key state numbers which are released prior to the national estimate. The states include North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg, Saxony, Hesse, Bavaria and Brandenburg. The release date is not announced in advance but the preliminary estimate of the CPI follows in the same day after the last of state releases. The data are revised about two weeks after preliminary release.
Inflation is an increase in the overall prices of goods and services. The relationship between inflation and interest rates is the key to understanding how indicators such as the CPI influence the markets - and your investments. As the rate of inflation changes and as expectations on inflation change, the markets adjust interest rates. The effect ripples across stocks, bonds, commodities, and your portfolio, often in a dramatic fashion.
By tracking inflation, whether high or low, rising or falling, investors can anticipate how different types of investments will perform. Over the long run, the bond market will rally (fall) when increases in the CPI are small (large). The equity market rallies with the bond market because low inflation promises low interest rates and is good for profits.