|Composite Index - Level||56.7||55.0 to 57.5||59.1||56.9|
ISM's non-manufacturing index continues its searing pace, rising nearly 2-1/2 points to a much higher-than-expected 59.1 which exceeds Econoday's high-end forecast by more than 1-1/2 points. Orders are robust with new orders up more than 5 points to 62.0 and backlogs unchanged at 54.5 which is very strong for this reading. Export orders are also strong, up 2 points to 54.5 and underscoring the strength of the nation's services surplus as seen in this morning international trade report. But the highlight of the report, ahead of Friday's employment data, is a nearly 1 point rise in the employment index to 59.2 which is one of the very strongest readings in the history of the report.
Strength is distributed broadly across industries led by transportation & warehousing, health care & social assistance, and professional, scientific & technical services, the latter a center of strength for foreign demand. The two non-service industries covered in this report are mixed with construction rising but mining, hit by low commodity prices, the only industry to report contraction in the month.
Many readings in this report are near records and follow similar readings in July and August which were also unusually strong. This report has been a consistent upside outlier but it undeniably hints at strength for employment and at a December FOMC rate hike. The Dow is moving off early lows following the report.
Market Consensus Before Announcement
The ISM non-manufacturing index has been running at strong rates of growth, strength that's impressive but which stands in contrast to general slowing for the economy. The Econoday consensus for October is a very strong 56.7 which would be very little changed from September's 56.9. Backlog orders, in complete contrast to most reports, have been building in this report as have export orders which have been climbing for five straight months in a reminder that demand for the nation's technical and managerial services, unlike demand for its goods, has shown resistance to the negative effects of the strong dollar.
The non-manufacturing ISM surveys more than 375 firms from numerous sectors across the United States. This index covers services, construction, mining, agriculture, forestry, and fishing and hunting. The non-manufacturing composite index has four equally weighted components: business activity (closely related to a production index), new orders, employment, and supplier deliveries (also known as vendor performance). The first three components are seasonally adjusted but the supplier deliveries index does not have statistically significant seasonality and is not adjusted. For the composite index, a reading above 50 percent indicates that the non-manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. The supplier deliveries component index requires extra explanation. A reading above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries and below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries. However, slower deliveries are a plus for the economyindicating demand is up and vendors are not able to fill orders as quickly.
Investors need to keep their fingers on the pulse of the economy because it dictates how various types of investments will perform. By tracking economic data like the ISM non-manufacturing survey's composite index, investors will know what the economic backdrop is for the various markets. The non-manufacturing composite index has four equally weighted components: business activity, new orders, employment, and supplier deliveries. The ISM did not begin publishing the composite index until the release for January 2008. Prior to 2008, markets focused on the business activity index. The stock market likes to see healthy economic growth because that translates to higher corporate profits. The bond market prefers less rapid growth and is extremely sensitive to whether the economy is growing too quickly -- and causing potential inflationary pressures. While the ISM manufacturing index has a long history that dates to the 1940s, this relatively new report goes back to 1997.