|Y/Y % Change||1.2%||1.4%||1.2%|
|M/M % Change||0.0%||-0.2%|
June consumer prices were up a better than expected 1.4 percent from a year ago. This is far below the official 3 percent target. On the month, the index was unchanged. For the year to date, the CPI was up 1.3 percent for a third month. Urban consumer prices were up 1.4 percent while rural prices added 1.2 percent from a year ago.
Among the subcategories, only prices for transportation & communication were down, losing 1.5 percent and declining 1.3 percent in May. Food prices were up 1.9 percent after rising 1.6 percent the month before. Non-food prices increased 1.2 percent after 1.0 percent. Clothing prices were up 2.9 percent, about the same as the last few months.
The consumer price index measures the change in the price of goods and services purchased by consumers. The average price of various goods and services are sampled and then compared to the sampling a done year earlier.
Consumer prices account for a majority of overall inflation, which is carefully monitored by investors worldwide. Investors worldwide monitor Chinese price changes closely. A pickup in inflation could mean an increase in interest rates is in the offing from the People's Bank of China while an easing could mean looser monetary policy. The monthly CPI is broken down by 8 categories with more detail available on the following day including aggregate information by urban and rural areas and provinces.
The CPI measures the change in the level of prices for a specified basket of goods and services normally purchased by urban and rural residents. Approximately 226 areas throughout the country are covered, including 80 counties and 146 cities. The current CPI is an annually chained Laspeyres price index and has been available since 2001. From 1978 to 2000, the index was compiled using current year weights for most items.
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